South africa case study 4 many small plantations, particularly in the rural areas of the eastern cape, were established on the natural forest margins to provide alternative pole and timber supplies for the surrounding inhabitants. The reserve lies at the interface of two great african biomes the central grassland plateaux and the sub saharan savannah and the remnants of a third biome, the afro montane forest. The concept of decent work entails the existence of employment. South africa case study 1 introduction south africa is in general a dry country, where the vegetation cover is determined by its low mean annual rainfall. Associate professor, public law department, institute of marine and environmental law, university of cape town. Area handbook for the republic of south africa pdf. One of the plans priorities is to spur environmentallyfriendly economic growth by expanding the creation of technologies for solar, wind and biofuels. Recent phylogenetic analysis of dna sequence data places baeometra as sister to the spicate genera of tribe anguillarieae wurmbeaneodregea, and onixotis.
Powered by create your own unique website with customizable templates. The term grassland creates the impression that the biome consists only of grass species. Pupils discuss why parrots cannot live in antarctica and why polar bears cannot live in the rainforest the discussion of adapting to an environment is an apt topic here. South africa alexander ross paterson name of instrument analysed national environmental management. Vegetation of southern africa is well timed as it provides a good critique of the state of affairs and will serve as a valuable benchmark publication for future work.
The grasslands are called savannas because of their tropical nature and are home to many different herd. The current published reference to south africas vegetation is the the book the vegetation of south africa, lesotho and swaziland. Forests plantzafrica south african national biodiversity. South africa is a signatory to the united nations convention on biological diversity and is therefore committed to ensuring its objectives are met. Furthermore, the climate change adaptation plans for south african biomes presented in this report will contribute to building climateresilience at biome level, and would provide support climate change adaptation in other sectors such as water, agriculture and forestry, and human health by ensuring. The vegetation from about 3600m to 4200m is made up of lobelia and senecio species which cover about 25% of the park and lastly at altitudes of 4300m to 4500m grassland occurs. The powerpoint is a pretty easy walkthrough of the lesson. The biomes and selected species are linked in a unique story. Midgley et al 1997 define forests as being closedcanopy plant. Among them are the wetland ecosystems, which occupy approximately seven per cent of south africas total land area.
Decent work country programmes have been developed, in coordination with ilo members, to identify decent work deficits in member countries and to devise targets and strategies to overcome such deficits. This website was constructed to give a brief explanation of the diversity within selected biomes of south africa. Environmental issues, policies and clean technology. Priority areas for the conservation of south african. South africa alexander ross paterson information concerning the legal instruments discussed in this case study is current as of 1 january 2009.
Africa central america south america almost all rain forests lie near the equator. Protected areas act 57 of 2003 jurisdiction national or subnational south africa national available online full texts at lexfaoc045046 valid as of 1 january 2009 topic question application 1. Climate change adaptation plans for south african biomes. Piper the forest biodiversity programme, school of botany and zoology, university of natal, pietermaritzburg, private bag x01, scottsville 3209, south africa email.
This webpage was designed by kasselman jurie theron. A brief introduction to the savanna, nama karoo, succulent karoo and fynbos. The south western limit of the historical range was at knysna, south africa, until about 1950. The kalahari covers much of botswana and parts of namibia and south africa.
The atlas section maps the vegetation types at a scale of 1. The savanna biome is the largest biome in southern africa, occupying 46% of its area, and over onethird the area of south africa. Human land use activities have had a high impact upon the available natural resource base resulting in widespread landcover transformation. In spring the grey winter is forgotten as thousands of small plants covers the plains with a carpet of remarkable flowers.
Biomes in south africa essay sample new york essays. The biomes of south africa that fire plays the most important role in are the fynbos, savanna, and grassland biomes. Please help us populate sunscholar with the post print version of this article. South africa is blessed with a rich abundance of biodiversity and a wide range of ecosystems and biomes. Pdf it is not possible at present to demonstrate hominid occupation of southern africa prior to the middle or late pliocene, perhaps 3 million years. The reserve lies at the interface of two great african biomes the central grassland plateaux and the sub saharan savannah and the remnants of a third biome, the afro. Aside from the fact that a tract of pristine grassland can hold up to 60 grass species, nothing could be further from the truth.
Life history of the springhare pedetescapensis from a strongly seasonal environment in the eastern cape province of south africa. Wetlands are regarded as one of the most productive ecosystems because of all the ecosystem services they provide. This issue is an enormous challenge botanically because the subcontinent contains an extremely diverse flora distributed in ecologically distinct biomes. Africa online vegetation and plant distribution maps.
The province lies equidistant from the major market centres of south africa, lying between two of the south africas major economic hubs, the western cape and kwazulu. Vegetation of south africa, lesotho and swaziland, publisher. In a savannah biome there is a mixture of grasses and trees or shrubs, types that include shrubland, bushveld and woodland. The entire upper part of the body, except the head which is covered with shorter flexible spines, is. The survey was conducted by statistics south africa stats sa from january to. Rainforests now cover less than 6 of earths land surface. In the last couple of decades, south africa has become one of the largest economies in africa, benefiting from high levels of industrialization and abundant. The open canopy allows plenty light to reach the ground to support the lower vegetation strata consisting primarily of grasses. Characteristics of south african biomes springerlink. Box 6488, roggebaai 8012, south africa printing and binding. Biome stability and longterm vegetation change in the semiarid, southeastern interior of south africa.
The hadeda ibis has greatly expanded its range, especially towards the west. South africa has nine biomes, or broad groupings of vegetation types that share similar ecological characteristics. Biomes of south africa a brief introduction to the savanna, nama karoo, succulent karoo and fynbos. We then move onto exploring the definition of biomes with the crack the code. Namaqualand is dry, rocky and desertlike for the most of the year except for a few weeks during spring. The savanna is a grassland ecosystem characterized wildly spaced trees with an open canopy covering approximately 20% or the earth surface area.
It also forms part of the south african forests endemic bird area stattersfield et al. South africa maps perrycastaneda map collection ut library. The south african journal of science is a multidisciplinary journal published bimonthly by the academy of science of south africa. The south african country study is one of the first of its kind to address the issue of biodiversity responses to climate change explicitly.
Africa is a fascinating continent in terms of wildlife and indigenous people. With a land surface of 1,1 million square km representing only 1% of the worlds total land surface south africa contains almost. Essential illustrated wildlife guide to southern africa. The highlands twothirds of south africa is made up of an area of high land that is called the highveld. It exists only here, on the southernmost tip of africa and is known to all, affectionately as fynbos. Grasslands around the world grasslands cover 40% of the earths nonice bound terrestial surface and are home to over 1 billion people.
The white paper on the conservation and sustainable use of south africas biological diversity describes south africas approach to upholding this convention. A general comparison between the principles of the law of specific contract in south africa and its english counterpart. In fact, only one in six plant species in the biome is a grass. Scientists estimate that more than half of all the worlds plant and animal species live in tropical rain forests. In 2011, south africa released the green economy accord. Erasmus arc plant protection research institute, private bag x4, pretoria, 0001 south africa email. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Then, mostly on the humid south and west slopes also about 30% between 2600m and 3600m, you will find hageniahypericum forest. The deserts are varied from sand dunes to thorny scrub. South africa is considered a foodsecure nation, producing enough calories to.
The female will lay up to 200 eggs in batches of 10 on various plant species on the underside of the leaves and will hatch in about a week. Roughly defined, the eastern cape is the part of south africa which lies east of the 30 degree east line of longitude and south of the 30 degree 30 minute line of latitude. In support of this the south african government has pledged its commitment to the attainment of decent work and. But the countrys wetlands are under pressure from both. Semidesert means that the kalahari does receive seasonal rainfall and so can support more life than a. The existence value of biodiversity in south africa convention. Flowering plants of africa 62 2011 5 family buxbaum 1936. Information on the climate and conservation status of vegetation types has also been included.
South africa, the southernmost country on the african continent, renowned for its varied topography, great natural beauty, and cultural diversity. Based on the oecds frascati manual guidelines, the survey is conducted annually by the. Pdf south african biomes the marine biome shoana leigh. A river called the orange river runs through the highlands beginning from the mountains to the atlantic ocean and then forms the border with the country of namibia on the very last part of its journey, after a journey of 2160 kilometres. The congo basin provides a steamy tropical biome with a frog the size of a cat. It is well developed over the lowveld and kalahari region of south africa and is also the dominant vegetation in neighboring botswana, namibia and zimbabwe. South africa has one of the highest ranges of biodiversity in the world, which generally refers to the richness or variety of life in an area including the number of species found in their respective areas. Announced in november 2010, south africa s new growth path called for an economy that is more inclusive and environmentally sustainable. Biome stability and longterm vegetation change in the semiarid, south eastern interior of south africa.
South africa is a biologically diverse country, containing seven major terrestrial biomes. With the increase of global carbon dioxide the tree cover expansion into the savanna and grassland biomes of southern africa has stopped, the loss of south african succulent karoo biomes and the migration of all biomes east is due to this climate. Fire regimes in the biomes of south africa springerlink. Mcdonald, bothalia the editors are to be congratulated on the breadth and scope of knowledge that has been assembled here. Each biome provides its own challenges, has its own history and only one path ahead. The fynbos types, nestled in the southwestern corner of south africa, which together make up one of the worlds six floristic kingdoms. May 17, 2017 south africas large areas of semidesert scrub and grassland might suggest a certain poverty of plant life. South african national biodiversity institute, pretoria, pp. The grasslands are called savannas because of their tropical nature and. Ppt biomes powerpoint presentation free to download.
It can reach a length of 75100cm and a weight of 1024kg. After years of a north south civil war in sudan, south sudan formed as a separate nation in 2011 after a majority of the people living there voted in a referendum for independence geographers consider subsaharan africa a culture region because the area is characterized by cultures that are influenced by. Avian demography unit, university of cape town, rondebosch 7701, south africa reproduction and imaging. With thanks to phyllis bischof, ed colijn, rheal coupal, john creaser, larry cruse, joe dalton, hugh eva, vic fazio, xavier font castell, steve glenn, lawrence hislop, robert hoare, michael jennings, stephen killeffer. Forests tend to occur in patches, few of which cover areas greater than 1 km 2, with areas greater than this only common along the garden route and lowveld escarpment.
Covid19 restrictions and increased risk of overdose for streetbased people with opioid dependence in south africa pdf. South africa, officially the republic of south africa rsa, is the southernmost country in africa. Most of south africas existing protected areas were proclaimed in an ad hoc fashion, usually because they contained areas with high scenic or tourism potential, contained endemic diseases. The cape floral kingdom is the crown jewel of south africa. The spiciform inflorescences in these genera are morphologically condensed scorpioid cymes nordenstam 1998. Savanna biome savanna is the largest biome in south africa, covering 34. Chapter 6 land department of environmental affairs. The term grassland creates the impression that the biome.
The boom period of settlement and expansion from the 1950s to. Biomes the highlands twothirds of south africa is made up of an area of high land that is called the highveld. The vegetation of south africa, lesotho and swaziland. As a result most of the country is covered by dry savanna woodland or woodland scrub.325 584 1209 957 571 50 1587 290 1162 688 450 311 1214 656 1095 885 186 612 1086 1400 646 1325 916 744 448 1175 14